Cuba – officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean meet.
It is south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti, and north of Jamaica. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camaguey.
Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, with an area of 109,884 square kilometres -42,426 sq mi,
and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants. Prior to Spanish colonization in the late 15th century, island was inhabited by Amerindian tribes. It remained a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, which led to nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902. As a fragile republic, Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system, but mounting political radicalization and social strife culminated in the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1952.
Куба является унитарным государством. Национальная территория в политико-административных целях до 2011 года делилась на 15 провинций и специальную муниципию остров Хувентуд, провинции делились на муниципии.
1 января 2011 вступило в силу решение о разделении провинции Гавана на провинции Артемиса и Маябеке,